periodontics

Our gums and surrounding structures provide the foundations for our teeth so it is essential that we keep them healthy.  Our gums (gingival) are the visible pink tissue that surrounds our teeth.  The periodontal tissues consist of the bone and fibres that support the tooth.  Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease which attacks the gums, bone and fibres that supports the teeth.  The majority of the population experience some level of periodontal disease.  At its worse, periodontal disease causes advanced deterioration of the supporting bone.  This may cause the teeth to become loose and infected, often extraction is required.  Our mouths have millions of bacteria in residence, they along with mucous and residual food form sticky colourless plaque, which causes inflammation of the periodontal tissue.  Plaque can be removed with effective brushing and flossing. If not removed, plaque will calcify to form hard tartar which cannot be removed by brushing.  Genetics and habits such as smoking can predispose some individuals to developing advanced periodontal disease.

Recent research has shown links between Periodontal disease and general health.  Some of the conditions of particular concern are heart disease, type 2 Diabetes and Osteoporosis.

periodontics

Some common signs of periodontal disease

  • Red, tender or swollen gumsperiodontics diagram
  • Bleeding gums while brushing, flossing or eating
  • Loosening teeth or increasing gaps between the teeth
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
  • Bad breath (halitosis) or bad taste
  • Changes in the bite

 

Prevention and Management

  • Brush after every meal if possible. At the very minimum morning and night
  • Remove plaque from between your teeth using dental floss, interdental brushes or wood sticks
  • Rinse with a natural antibacterial mouthwash
  • Attend regular appointments with your dentist for professional removal of plaque and calculus
  • Ensure you have a nutritionally balanced diet low in sugar and processed foods
  • Reduce or manage stress levels
  • Stop smoking

 

Treatment

This involves the professional removal of plaque and tartar deposits. periodontics Ultrasonic scalers and hand instruments are used. In individuals where teeth are sensitive or deeper scaling is required local anaesthetic may be used to make the procedure more comfortable. Once a person develops advanced periodontal disease, they remain susceptible to the disease recurring for life for life, so it is essential to commit to a program of regular dental visits.  We will advise you how often you need to attend, and provide in depth instruction on oral hygiene techniques and procedures.

 

Chronic oral infections in the gums, teeth and jaw bones can often go undetected and yet have a significant impact on our health. These have been shown to pre-dispose us to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, low birth weight in children and some cancers.

 

Signs and Symptoms

Although it rarely causes pain, the early signs of periodontal disease – are bleeding gums when you brush or floss.

Inflammation and/or infection of the gum (gingiva) or the supporting structures of a tooth (periodontal ligament) can cause problems for your health. Inflammation and/or infection can cause bleeding of the gums when you brush or occasionally floss your teeth which can, over a number of years, cause loss of bone around your teeth and eventually tooth loss.

For the rest of your body’s health the presence of low grade inflammation or infection causing oxidative stress and the production of free radicals which have recently been shown to contribute to cardiovascular disease, non-insulin dependent diabetes, osteoporosis and low birth weight.

Chronic oral infections in the gums, teeth and jaw bones can often go undetected and yet have a significant impact on our health. These have been shown to pre-dispose us to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, low birth weight in children and some cancers.